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K-pop (short for Korean popular music; Korean케이팝) is a genre of popular music originating in South Korea.[1] It is influenced by styles and genres from around the world, such as experimental, rock, jazz, gospel, hip hop, R&B, reggae, electronic dance, folk, country, and classical on top of its traditional Korean music roots.[2] The more modern form of the genre emerged with the formation of one of the earliest K-pop groups, Seo Taiji and Boys, in 1992. Their experimentation with different styles and genres of music and integration of foreign musical elements helped reshape and modernize South Korea's contemporary music scene.[3]

Modern K-pop "idol" culture began with the boy band H.O.T. in 1996, as K-pop grew into a subculture that amassed enormous fandoms of teenagers and young adults.[4][5] After a slump in early K-pop, from 2003 TVXQ and BoA started a new generation of K-pop idols that broke the music genre into the neighboring Japanese market and continue to popularize K-pop internationally today.[6][7] With the advent of online social networking services and Korean TV shows, the current spread of K-pop and Korean entertainment, known as the Korean Wave, is seen not only in East Asia and Southeast Asia, but also in Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, Latin America, North Africa, Southern Africa and East Africa, the Middle East and throughout the Western world, gaining a widespread global audience.

The term "K-pop" became popular since the 2000s. Previously, South Korean pop music was called Gayo (가요).[8][9] While "K-pop" is a general term for popular music in South Korea, it is often used in a narrower sense for the genre described here. In 2018, K-pop experienced significant growth and became a 'power player', marking a 17.9% increase in revenue growth. As of 2019, K-pop is ranked at number six among the top ten music markets worldwide according to the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry's "Global Music Report 2019", with BTS and Blackpink cited as artists leading the market growth.[10]

  1. ^ Hartong, Jan Laurens (2006). Musical terms worldwide: a companion for the musical explorer. Semar Publishers. p. 15. ISBN 978-88-7778-090-4. Retrieved December 5, 2011. Since the 1990s, popular genres like rap, rock and techno house have been incorporated into Korean popular music, setting the trend for the present generation of K-pop, which often emulates American models.
  2. ^ Laurie, Timothy (2016), "Toward a Gendered Aesthetics of K-Pop", Global Glam and Popular Music : Style and Spectacle from the 1970s to the 2000s: 214–231
  3. ^ Cho, Chung-un (March 23, 2012). "K-pop still feels impact of Seo Taiji & Boys". The Korea Herald. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  4. ^ "The Root of K-Pop: The Influences of Today's Biggest Acts". Billboard. Retrieved July 16, 2017.
  5. ^ "South Korea's pop-cultural exports: Hallyu, yeah!". The Economist. January 25, 2010. Retrieved March 23, 2019.
  6. ^ JungBong., Choi (2014). K-pop - The International Rise of the Korean Music Industry. Maliangkay, Roald. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis. pp. 66–80. ISBN 9781317681809. OCLC 890981690.
  7. ^ Song, Cheol-min (2016). K-pop Beyond Asia. Korea: 길잡이미디어. pp. 37–46. ISBN 9788973755981.
  8. ^ "케이팝". terms.naver.com.
  9. ^ "정보길잡이 상세보기 | 국립중앙도서관". www.nl.go.kr.
  10. ^ Kelley, Caitlin (April 3, 2019). "K-Pop Is More Global Than Ever, Helping South Korea's Music Market Grow Into A 'Power Player'". Forbes. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
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