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What you’re feeling is grief

Nylah Burton

What you’re feeling is grief

The five stages of grief model (or the Kübler-Ross model) postulates that those experiencing grief go through a series of five emotions: denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance. Although commonly referenced in popular culture, studies have not empirically demonstrated the existence of these stages, and the model is considered to be outdated, inaccurate,[1] and unhelpful in explaining the grieving process.[2][3]

The model was introduced by Swiss-American psychiatrist Elisabeth Kübler-Ross in her 1969 book On Death and Dying,[4] and was inspired by her work with terminally ill patients.[5] Motivated by the lack of instruction in medical schools on the subject of death and dying, Kübler-Ross examined death and those faced with it at the University of Chicago's medical school. Kübler-Ross's project evolved into a series of seminars which, along with patient interviews and previous research, became the foundation for her book.[6] Although Kübler-Ross is commonly credited with creating stage models, earlier bereavement theorists and clinicians such as Erich Lindemann, Collin Murray Parkes, and John Bowlby used similar models of stages of phases as early as the 1940s.[7]

Kübler-Ross later noted that the stages are not a linear and predictable progression and that she regretted writing them in a way that was misunderstood.[8] "Kübler-Ross originally saw these stages as reflecting how people cope with illness and dying," observed grief researcher Kenneth J. Doka, "not as reflections of how people grieve."[9]

As of 2019, On Death and Dying has been translated into forty languages with the 50th anniversary edition being published by Simon & Schuster.

  1. ^ O'Connor MF (October 2019). "Grief: A Brief History of Research on How Body, Mind, and Brain Adapt". Psychosomatic Medicine. 81 (8): 731–38. doi:10.1097/PSY.0000000000000717. PMC 6844541. PMID 31180982.
  2. ^ Cite error: The named reference Bonanno2009 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ Stroebe M, Schut H, Boerner K (March 2017). "Cautioning Health-Care Professionals". Omega. 74 (4): 455–73. doi:10.1177/0030222817691870. PMC 5375020. PMID 28355991.
  4. ^ Kübler-Ross E (1969). On Death and Dying. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-04015-9.
  5. ^ Broom SM (August 30, 2004). "Milestones". TIME.
  6. ^ Perring C. "PHI350: The Stages in the Dying Process". Retrieved November 27, 2016.
  7. ^ Hoy WG (2016). Bereavement groups and the role of social support: integrating theory, research, and practice. New York: Routledge/Taylor and Francis. ISBN 978-1317416357. OCLC 942843686.
  8. ^ Cite error: The named reference GriefGrieving was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  9. ^ Doka KJ (2016). Grief Is a Journey: Finding Your Path Through Loss. Simon and Schuster. p. 6.