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What to Do When Porn Use Becomes a Problem

David Ludden Ph.D.

What to Do When Porn Use Becomes a Problem

Circular icon with the letters "xxx"
"XXX" is often used to designate pornographic material.

Pornography (often shortened to porn) is the portrayal of sexual subject matter for the exclusive purpose of sexual arousal.[1] Pornography may be presented in a variety of media, including magazines, animation, writing, film, video, and video games. The term does not include live exhibitions like sex shows and striptease. The primary subjects of present-day pornographic depictions are pornographic models, who pose for still photographs, and pornographic actors who engage in filmed sex acts.

Various groups within society have considered depictions of a sexual nature immoral, addictive, and noxious, labeling them pornographic, and attempting to have them suppressed under obscenity laws, censored or made illegal. Such grounds, and even the definition of pornography, have differed in various historical, cultural, and national contexts.[2] Social attitudes towards the discussion and presentation of sexuality have become more tolerant in Western countries, and legal definitions of obscenity have become more limited, beginning in 1969 with Blue Movie by Andy Warhol, the first adult erotic film depicting explicit sexual intercourse to receive wide theatrical release in the United States. It was followed by the Golden Age of Porn (1969–1984), in which the best quality pornographic films became part of mainstream culture.[3][4][5]

A growing industry for the production and consumption of pornography developed in the latter half of the 20th century. The introduction of home video and the Internet saw a boom in the worldwide porn industry that generates billions of dollars annually.[6] Commercialized pornography accounts for over US$2.5 billion in the United States alone,[7] including the production of various media and associated products and services. The porn industry is between $10–$12 billion in the U.S.[8] In 2006, the world pornography revenue was 97 billion dollars.[9] This industry employs thousands of performers along with support and production staff. It is also followed by dedicated industry publications and trade groups, award shows, as well as the mainstream press, private organizations (watchdog groups), government agencies, and political organizations.[10] Videos involving non-consensual content and cybersex trafficking have been hosted on popular pornography sites in the 21st century.[11][12][13][14]

  1. ^ What Distinguishes Erotica from Pornography? – Leon F Seltzer, Psychology Today, 6 April 2011
  2. ^ H. Montgomery Hyde (1964), A History of Pornography: 1–26.
  3. ^ Cite error: The named reference NYT-19690722 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  4. ^ Cite error: The named reference WS-2002-2005 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  5. ^ Cite error: The named reference NYT-19690810 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  6. ^ Coopersmith, Jonathan (March 2006). "Does Your Mother Know What YouReallyDo? The Changing Nature and Image of Computer‐Based Pornography". History and Technology. 22 (1): 1–25. doi:10.1080/07341510500508610. ISSN 0734-1512. S2CID 143713545.
  7. ^ Cite error: The named reference ForbesAckman was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  8. ^ "Things Are Looking Up in America's Porn Industry – NBC News". NBC News. Retrieved 2018-01-26.
  9. ^ "Best Internet Filter Software of 2019". Archived from the original on 2011-10-13. Retrieved 2010-05-27.[Last accessed on 2010 Nov 12]
  10. ^ Staff. "The Truth About California's Adult Entertainment Industry White Paper 1999". Adult Video News. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
  11. ^ "I was raped at 14, and the video ended up on a porn site". British Broadcasting Corporation. 10 February 2020. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  12. ^ Cole, Samantha; Maiberg, Emanuel (16 July 2019). "How Pornhub Enables Doxing and Harassment". Vice. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  13. ^ Cole, Samantha (6 February 2020). "How to Remove Non-Consensual Videos From Pornhub". Vice. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  14. ^ Broster, Alice (27 August 2019). "#NotYourPorn Is The Campaign Fighting To Get Non-Consensual Content Removed From UK Porn Sites". Bustle. Retrieved 8 March 2020.