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The First Deadly Round of Fighting at the Battle of Monte Cassino

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The First Deadly Round of Fighting at the Battle of Monte Cassino
Battle of Peleliu
Part of the Mariana and Palau Islands campaign of the Pacific Theater (World War II)
First wave of LVTs moves toward the invasion beaches - Peleliu.jpg
The first wave of U.S. Marines in LVTs during the invasion of Peleliu on September 15, 1944
Date15 September – 27 November 1944
(2 months, 1 week and 5 days)
Location7°00′N 134°15′E / 7.000°N 134.250°E / 7.000; 134.250Coordinates: 7°00′N 134°15′E / 7.000°N 134.250°E / 7.000; 134.250
Result American victory
Belligerents
 United States  Japan
Commanders and leaders
United States William H. Rupertus
United States Paul J. Mueller
United States Roy S. Geiger
United States Herman H. Hanneken
United States Harold D. Harris
United States Lewis B. Puller
Empire of Japan Kunio Nakagawa 
Empire of Japan Sadae Inoue
Units involved

United States III Amphibious Corps

Additional support units

Empire of Japan Peleliu garrison

Additional support units
Strength
47,561[1]:36 10,900[1]:37
17 tanks[2]
Casualties and losses
7,919
1,460 killed[3]:327
14,000[3]:327(including losses in the surrounding islands)
13,600 killed
400 captured
Battle of Peleliu is located in Palau
Battle of Peleliu
Location within Palau
Battle of Peleliu is located in Asia
Battle of Peleliu
Battle of Peleliu (Asia)
Battle of Peleliu is located in Pacific Ocean
Battle of Peleliu
Battle of Peleliu (Pacific Ocean)

The Battle of Peleliu, codenamed Operation Stalemate II by the United States military, was fought between the U.S. and Japan during the Mariana and Palau Campaign of World War II, from September to November 1944, on the island of Peleliu.

U.S. Marines of the 1st Marine Division, and later soldiers of the U.S. Army's 81st Infantry Division, fought to capture an airstrip on the small coral island of Peleliu. This battle was part of a larger offensive campaign known as Operation Forager, which ran from June to November 1944, in the Pacific Theater.

Major General William Rupertus, commander of the 1st Marine Division, predicted the island would be secured within four days.[4] However, after repeated Imperial Army defeats in previous island campaigns, Japan had developed new island-defense tactics and well-crafted fortifications that allowed stiff resistance,[5] extending the battle through more than two months. The heavily outnumbered Japanese defenders put up such stiff resistance, often fighting to the death in the Emperor's name, that the island became known in Japanese as the "Emperor's Island."[6]

In the U.S., this was a controversial battle because of the island's negligible strategic value and the high casualty rate, which exceeded that of all other amphibious operations during the Pacific War.[7] The National Museum of the Marine Corps called it "the bitterest battle of the war for the Marines".[8]

  1. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference Moran was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  2. ^ Taki. "The History of Batlles of Imperial Japanese Tanks". Plala (in Japanese). Retrieved March 4, 2018.
  3. ^ a b Eggenberger, D. "An Encyclopedia of Battles: Accounts of Over 1,560 Battles from 1479 B.C. to the Present". Courier Corporation. 2012. ISBN 9780486142012
  4. ^ Dean, Mack (May 9, 2014). "Battle of Peleliu Facts". World War 2 Facts. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
  5. ^ Third Army blasts Nazi Strongholds. Universal Newsreel. November 2, 1944. Retrieved February 21, 2012.
  6. ^ Fackler, Martin (April 9, 2015). "Ahead of World War II Anniversary, Questions Linger Over Stance of Japan's Premier". The New York Times. Retrieved 2019-08-08.
  7. ^ Gypton, Jeremy (2004). "Bloody Peleliu: Unavoidable Yet Unnecessary". Military History Online. Military History Online, LLC. Retrieved March 4, 2018.
  8. ^ "World War II: Central Pacific Campaigns: Peleliu". National Museum of the Marine Corps. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved February 7, 2012.