Health and well-being of trans and non-binary participants in a community-based survey of gay, bisexual, and queer men, and non-binary and Two-Spirit people across Canada
Leo Rutherford, Aeron Stark, Aidan Ablona, Benjamin J. Klassen, Robert Higgins, Hanna Jacobsen, Christopher J. Draenos, Kiffer G. Card, Nathan J. Lachowsky
|Status||Same-sex sexual acts lawful since 1969; section of the Criminal Code in reference to anal intercourse repealed in June 2019.|
|Gender identity||Change of name and legal sex available in every province and territory, under different rules, and without sex reassignment surgery|
|Military||LGBT people have been authorized to serve openly since 1992.|
|Discrimination protections||Sexual orientation since 1996 and gender identity or expression since 2017 throughout Canada|
|Recognition of relationships||Same-sex marriage legally permitted throughout Canada since 2005|
|Adoption||Legally permitted (particulars may differ within each province and territory)|
|Part of a series on|
|lesbian ∙ gay ∙ bisexual ∙ transgender|
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights in Canada are some of the most advanced in the Americas and in the world. Same-sex sexual activity has been lawful in Canada since June 27, 1969, when the Criminal Law Amendment Act (also known as Bill C-150) came into force upon royal assent.
Canada is considered the most gay-friendly country in the world, being ranked first in the Gay Travel Index chart since 2018, and among the five safest in Forbes magazine since 2019. The country's largest cities feature their own gay areas and communities, such as Toronto's Church and Wellesley neighbourhood, Montreal's Gay Village commercial district, Vancouver's Davie Village and Ottawa's Bank Street Gay Village. Since the Supreme Court of Canada's 1995 decision in Egan v Canada, sexual orientation has been a prohibited basis of discrimination under Section 15 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Every summer, Canada's LGBT community celebrates gay pride in all major cities, with many political figures from the federal, provincial and municipal scenes.
In recent decades, Canada has seen major legal shifts in support of LGBT rights (e.g. decriminalization, anti-discrimination, anti-harassment, gay marriage, bans on conversion therapies, etc.). The 2020 Pew Research, showed that 85% of Canada's general population (92% among Canadians aged between 18 and 29) favoured social acceptance of homosexuality up from 80% in the 2013. Thereafter, polls from June 2013 have shown an increase in the Canadian population's point of view, with a large majority of Canadians supporting same-sex marriage, which has been legally permitted since 2005. The polls also show that 70% of Canada's population agree that "same-sex couples should have the same rights to adopt children as heterosexual couples do," and 76% agreeing that "same-sex couples are just likely as other parents to successfully raise children". By the year 2020, 91.8% of those surveyed in a poll commissioned by the Privy Council Office said they would be “comfortable” if a next-door neighbour was gay, lesbian or bisexual and that 87.6 per cent said they would be “comfortable” if a neighbour was a transgender person."
- Rights of LGBTI persons. Government of Canada.
- An Act to amend the Criminal Code, the Youth Criminal Justice Act and other Acts and to make consequential amendments to other Acts (S.C. 2019, c. 25), section 54.
- "SPARTACUS Gay Travel Index 2019". February 25, 2019.
- "FORBES LGBTQ+ Danger Index 2019". October 21, 2020.
- "Ottawa introduces first 'Gay Village'". CBC News.
- Egan v. Canada,  2 S.C.R. 513 at 528.
- "The Global Divide on Homosexuality Persists". Pew Research Center. June 25, 2020. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
- "Pew Research Center, The Global Divide on Homosexuality, Greater Acceptance in More Secular and Affluent Countries (June 4, 2013)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 18, 2015. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
- "Ipsos, Same-Sex Marriage Citizens in 16 Countries Assess Their Views on Same-Sex Marriage for a Total Global Perspective, 2013". www.west-info.eu.
- Federal government asked Canadians if they’re ‘comfortable’ with LGBT people, Global News, December 28, 2019.