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Celebrating 2021’s Hospitality Stars

State of Mississippi
Flag of Mississippi.svg
NameThe "In God We Trust" flag,
The New Magnolia
UseCivil and state flag
AdoptedJanuary 11, 2021
Designed byRocky Vaughan, Sue Anna Joe, Kara Giles, Dominique Pugh, and Micah Whitson[1]

The flag of Mississippi features a white magnolia blossom and the words "In God We Trust" on a red field with a gold-bordered blue pale. This flag was chosen by the Commission to Redesign the Mississippi State Flag and was approved by state referendum on November 3, 2020. Afterward, it was passed by the state legislature on January 6, 2021, and it became the official state flag of the U.S. state of Mississippi on January 11, 2021.[2][3][4] It replaces the previous flag that displayed the Confederate battle insignia in the upper left hand corner, which was retired on June 30, 2020.[5]

Mississippi has had three official state flags in its history. The first flag, known as the "Magnolia Flag", was adopted in 1861 and consisted of a "Flag of white ground, a magnolia tree in the centre, a blue field in the upper left hand corner with a white star in the centre, (…) with a red border and a red fringe at the extremity of the Flag".[6] The Magnolia Flag was declared to be "null and void" by a state constitutional convention in 1865 and the state was left without an official flag until the second one was adopted in 1894.[7]

The second flag, designed by Edward N. Scudder and adopted in 1894, consisted of a triband of three equal horizontal stripes of blue, white, and red, with the canton of the Confederate battle flag. The thirteen stars on the state flag officially represented "the number of the original states of the Union", although they are sometimes thought to be for the states that seceded from the Union plus Missouri and Kentucky, which also had both Confederate and Union governing bodies.[8] From 1894 to 1956, and again from 2003 to 2020, this was the only state flag to incorporate the Confederate battle flag into its design.[a] During this time, state legislators proposed new flag designs omitting the Confederate symbols.[9]

On June 27, 2020, Governor Tate Reeves stated that if the Mississippi Legislature passed a bill that weekend addressing the flag issue, he would sign it into law.[10][11][12] Subsequently, on June 28, 2020, the Legislature passed a bill to repeal the sections of the Mississippi State Code which made provisions for a state flag, mandate the Mississippi Department of Archives and History develop a plan for the removal of the former flag from public buildings within 15 days of the bill's effective date, and establish a commission to design a replacement that would exclude the Confederate battle flag and include the U.S. national motto "In God We Trust".[13][14][15][16] Reeves then signed it into law on June 30, 2020.[17][18]

The third flag was designed by Rocky Vaughan, Sue Anna Joe, Kara Giles, Dominique Pugh, and Micah Whitson. It was chosen by the Commission to Redesign the Mississippi State Flag, which was established by the same June 2020 Mississippi House bill which retired the second flag. The commission received thousands of submissions, and narrowed them down to a single choice, which was submitted for public vote as a ballot measure on November 3, 2020. Voters overwhelmingly approved the new design.[19][20] It is one of three U.S. state flags to feature the words "In God We Trust" (the U.S. national motto), with the other two being those of Florida and Georgia.

  1. ^ "State Flag Commission Picks New Magnolia Flag for November Ballot". Mississippi Department of Archives & History. September 3, 2020. Retrieved November 6, 2020.
  2. ^ Pender, Geoff; November 3, Mississippi Today; 2020 (November 4, 2020). "Mississippians adopt new state flag after Confederate emblem flew for 126 years". Mississippi Today. Retrieved November 4, 2020.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ "House Bill 1796 section 2(1)".
  4. ^ "Mississippi governor signing law for flag without rebel sign". The Independent. January 11, 2021. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
  5. ^ Berman, Mike; Guarino, Ben (July 1, 2020). "Mississippi governor signs bill changing state's flag, abandoning Confederate symbol". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
  6. ^ Journal of the State Convention, and Ordinances and Resolutions Adopted in January, 1861. with an Appendix. Published by Order of the Convention. Jackson, Miss.: E. Barksdale, State Printer. 1861. pp. 89–90. LCCN 16025853. OCLC 1047488108. OL 24350027M – via Internet Archive.CS1 maint: others (link)
  7. ^ Clay Moss (June 21, 2015). "Mississippi's Magnolia Flags (U.S.)". Flags of the World (FOTW). Mississippi Department of Archives and History. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
  8. ^ "State Flags". State of Mississippi. Archived from the original on April 5, 2020. Retrieved July 5, 2019.
  9. ^ Ganucheau, Adam (June 9, 2020). "Bipartisan group of lawmakers, with Speaker Gunn's blessing, pushes to change Mississippi state flag". Mississippi Today. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
  10. ^ Kay Jones; James Froio. "Mississippi House starts process to change state's flag". CNN.
  11. ^ "Mississippi takes a step toward removing Confederate image from flag". Los Angeles Times. June 27, 2020. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
  12. ^ Tate Reeves [@tatereeves] (June 20, 2020). "The legislature has been deadlocked for days as it considers a new state flag. The argument over the 1894 flag has become as divisive as the flag itself and it's time to end it. If they send me a bill this weekend, I will sign it" (Tweet) – via Twitter. |date= mismatches calculated date from |number= by two or more days (help)
  13. ^ LeBlanc, Paul. "Mississippi state legislature passes bill to remove Confederate symbol from state flag in historic vote". CNN. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
  14. ^ Pettus, Emily (June 28, 2020). "Look away, Dixie: Mississippi to lose rebel emblem from flag". ABC News. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
  15. ^ Budryk, Zack (June 28, 2020). "Mississippi House passes bill to take Confederate symbol off state flag". TheHill. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
  16. ^ "HB1796" (PDF). billstatus.ls.state.ms.us. 2020. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
  17. ^ "BREAKING: Governor to retire Mississippi's Confederate-themed flag". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Associated Press. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
  18. ^ Pettus, Emily Wagster (June 30, 2020). "Governor to retire Mississippi's Confederate-themed flag". Houston Chronicle. Associated Press. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
  19. ^ Cite error: The named reference :1 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  20. ^ "Explained: Why the US state of Mississippi got a new flag". The Indian Express. November 4, 2020. Retrieved November 4, 2020.

Cite error: There are <ref group=lower-alpha> tags or {{efn}} templates on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=lower-alpha}} template or {{notelist}} template (see the help page).

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